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Worm farming

Worm farming is not as strange as it sounds.
It is not big juicy worms we are looking to harvest.
This is a city dwellers equivalent to the good ol’ compost heap.

We have just produced our first worm farming product:
Find out more here: HGC Worm Juice Concentrate

Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程

Today locally, we all make a conscious effort to reduce our environmental footprint.

1. We don’t leave the water running any longer than we need too,
2. We turn off the light when we are not in the room,
3. We power off devices rather than leaving them on standby,
4. We take our own reusable carry bags to the supermarket,
5. In order to reduce our rubbish waste we have taken to worm farming.

Using a Worm farm takes our organic waste and returns healthy compost.
Because our worm farm does NOT smell & it does NOT attract the wrong kind of insects we can keep our worm farm close to the house.
You might keep a worm farm where every you have a little spare space like on a balcony or at your back door. Do not keep your worm farm in a location where all day sun will cook your worms. Where possible give them shade during the hottest hours of the day.

Our Goal:

Do a little bit more to help save the planet by reducing the amount of organic waste we would either put down the waste disposal unit or into plastic bags destined for the rubbish tip.

Recycle your food scraps, Reduce your waste, make great soil, care for our planet.

Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程

Here is how we worm farm.

We collect our vegetable peelings & food scraps in an old 4 liter ice cream container, sometimes we use 2 containers which we keep on the bottom shelf of our refrigerator.
Once these containers are full of food scraps we empty the containers into the top worm farm compartment.
When the compartment has a layer of food scraps we cover this with newspaper or un-waxed cardboard (like pizza boxes) and dampen down with a little water.

Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程

Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程

We keep a couple of rocks on top of the worm farm, this prevents the lid blowing off in high winds.
Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程

Why cover with newspaper or cardboard?

1. Covering the food scraps with newspaper helps break down the food quickly,
2. reduce insects (like midges’),
3. the worms like to eat the paper (especially cardboard),

Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程
The worms will munch through everything including the cardboard or newspaper and return a terrific, healthy compost.

Feeding & rotating.

Work on needing 1 compartment for each person in the household
4 people = 4 compartments.

Start by filling the top container with food scraps, this can take a while depending on the amount of organic waste you produce.
While you are filling the top container, after adding a layer of scraps next add a layer of newspaper (or un-waxed cardboard) and dampen well with water.

Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程

Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程

Rotating your compartments:

Once the top container is full rotate the container to the bottom of the stack,
1. remove the top lid and placing the container on the ground.

Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程

In a healthy worm farm the worms will work their way into each compartment,
worms will also be found in between each of the compartments,

Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程

2. take the lid off the second compartment and put this onto your full container.

This full container will now become the bottom compartment.
Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程

3. Remove the other compartments & re-stack these compartments in the same order on-top-of the new bottom container.

Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程

4. Begin filling the new top container with scraps from the kitchen.

What is the the bottom compartment for?

Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程
The bottom compartment is where all the worm juice will collect. We are told this is also the breeding area for the worms.

Harvesting:

The “getting your hands dirty”, fun part!!

You will need to sort the worms from the compost. This is because we need to put our worms back into our worm farm once we take the compost.
We are not health professionals but it pays to take precautions whenever possible. We would recommend using rubber gloves, the compost is made from organic materials and worms.

Don’t worry if you sort the compartment then decide it is not ready.
This will aerate the compartment and we think it is good to turn the material. Just put everything back and let your worms work the compartment some more.

Eventually you will get to the point where the container you move to the top of the stack has a good amount of nice black looking soil and no visible food scraps, this is the time to harvest the soil in that compartment.
Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程

1. Check when your compartments are ready for harvesting,
Compartments may be ready at different times. You should let the worms work your compartment for a period of 2-3 months without adding any further food scraps before harvesting.

A compartment will look like a dark soil, with lots of little craters on the top. There may also be little plants sprouting from the compost.

2. Prepare your work area,

We use a couple of buckets: 1, to put the compost into and 1, to put your worms into.

Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程

3. Sort the worms from the compost,
We tip the whole container onto an old tarp then using our hands sort out the worms.
Keep the worms in your dedicated worm bucket.
Do not worry about adding a little compost back with the worms, it would be a tricky job to clean the worms completely.

Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程

Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程

4. Keep your worms and put them back into the empty worm farm container.

Before you return your worms to the worm farm add a little straw, or untreated wood chips into the bottom of your empty compartment.

Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程
You need to get some food in there for them soon.
Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程

Bi-products

1. Worm juice is a potent liquid fertilizer.
The worm juice is the run off from any added water and also, we are not scientists but we are told the worms pee.
Depending on the amount of water you add and how long you leave your working soil your worm juice will vary in color.
Our worm juice looks like a rich black coffee.

Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程
You can collect your worm juice from the tap which is on the bottom compartment of your worm farm.
Dilute Worm Juice with water at the ratio of 10:1 and use to water your plants. Use the worm juice once every 2-3 weeks and do not over feed your plants.
Do not use a big quantity on your first uses.

2. The compost can be used to condition another soil for use with household plants & gardening or just returned to Mother Nature.
Try adding an a layer of compost between 3-5 centimeter when you prepare your vegetable garden and folk into a depth of 15 centimeters.

This is the compost for mixing with soil.
Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程

What to put into your worm farm:

1. Vegetable scraps and peelings,
2. Fruit, apple cores, banana skins, avocado pips,
3. Tea bags, coffee grinds, vacuum cleaner dust, paper, worms love to hide under halved avocado skins,
4. Leftovers like ‘half-eaten sandwiches’ or unfinished meals (pasta, salads, rice),
5. Egg shells (break up the shells before you put them in.

Remember when possible to cut your scraps into smaller pieces, to help speed up the process.

What NOT to put into your worm farm!

1. NO MEAT of any kind including fish or poultry,
Meat will make the worm farm smell bad, may cause disease and, will breed insects we don’t want like flies.
2. No cheese,
3. We are told not to add any citrus (peelings) or onions.
We do add a little of these peelings (not a lot) and we find the worms do not love to eat them but will eventually break down, whatever the case. We do not recommend adding a lot of this material.

Where can you buy a worm farm?

Worm farming, helping our environment, Hot Girls Cooking, New Zealand (NZ) Cooking, Cooking for real. 新西兰烹饪,配有照片的食谱教程
We recently purchased a second “Worms R Us” worm farm but we had to shop around a few stores until we found the one we wanted.

Non-sponsored sales outlets:
Check out the New Zealand professionals:
1. “Worms R Us”,
2. Bunning’s worm farms
3. Mitre 10

Bunning’s have a helpful worm farming video here.

We are producing HGC Worm Juice Concentrate.

“Help your garden grow”
Need more information about our worm farming efforts?
Email: ask@hotgirlscooking.com

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